The state of Canada-US relations 231 yrs ago?
July 4, 2007 5:28 PM Subscribe
Why did Canada *not* join the American revolution?
posted by xetere to Society & Culture (22 answers total) 18 users marked this as a favorite
The decleration of independence states the declaration of the thirteen colonies of the United States of America.
In the context of the US Revolutionary war, history books tell us about the United Empire Loyalists, and Loyalists populating the Eastern Townships in Quebec, Nova Scotia, PEI, etc. but of course they came *after* the war was decided, so their demographic weight was of no consequence. I cannot find even on Google, a reason why not all the colonies rebelled.
So a few questions. If you are Canadian you can read that as I cannot find even on Google, a reason why the "lower 13" threw a hissy fit and left.
Was there "already" a separate proto-Canadian identity amongst anglophones in say, Halifax distinct from just being American colonials?
That strikes me as being not very likely because the population was so thin then, and there were so many colonists from New England. Nova Scota actually *was* a part of Massachusetts until about 1700 and about half of New Brunswick was part of Maine, which was part of Massachusetts right up to 1776. Massachusetts was one big ass colony in those days!
Were there greater trade relations with England, perhaps more cod fishing etc. that made the ties more binding?
Greater distance, even though it isn't that far from say Portland to Sydney as the crow flies, a sea journey could be treacherous, whereas even in the days of horses and coaches, news and ideas could filter from Boston to Savannah relatively easily? That seems to be obvious in Newfoundland which was (and is) so distinct and at that time so very far away, but I am not sure about the rest.
But still with no large cities like Philadelphia, New York (which was a hotbed of Tory sympathizers), Charleston, Savannah, and Boston, perhaps political movements of any kind were slow to filter up?
Were there actually agitators in what what is now New Brunswick, was there tarring and feathering of proto-Tories on the streets of Halifax?
Was it slavery, the south being afraid of northern colonies "tipping the balance" against slavery?
Was it the quasi-religious nature of the colonists in the thirteen colonies? I think what became Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, etc. were populated by economic migrants encouranged (forced?) there to counter and expel francophones. So they cared less, where the "city on a hill" people or the Quakers cared more?
I know of the aborted attack on Montreal, but Quebec not wanting to be a part of an independent English speaking country, I can understand Quebec not joining up.
Sorry if this is long, sorry if it sounds stupid or boorish, but I am really rather curious about how and why some of Britain's North American colonies decided to break away and some didn't.
Any suggestions of readable histories that explain the loyalist, Iroquois, Quebecuois point of view are most welcome.