I've been asked to edit a manuscript using the Chicago Manual of Style. I have only a glancing familiarity with this style from an editing point of view although as a reader/writer of fiction I know this is the standard in that publishing industry. As someone who mainly edits using (in decreasing order of familiarity) AP style, MLA style, and APA style, is it possible to give myself a crash course in Chicago? If so, what are the main differences I should keep an eye out for and potential quirks of the style I might not anticipate? [more inside]
Is placing certain adverbs like "however" and "nonetheless" after the first clause in a sentence an actual stylistic best practice, or just a personal preference I made up? [more inside]
What are unnecessarily formal "academic jargon" type words that I should seek and destroy in my papers? [more inside]
How do you handle names of military technology in writing according to the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style? [more inside]
I need some tips for writing fiction that's appealing. [more inside]
My girlfriend's applied to editorial positions, and is uncertain what to expect on editing tests. She's taken some professional editing classes (using the CMS, which the positions will also use), so the concern isn't at the level of how to edit. Any tips or insight into what such tests generally consist of would be appreciated.
Editors, tech-savvy folk, and grammar-obsessives, please help. I've been arguing about this with my fellow editors: Is it acceptable, in nontechnical copy, to drop the "http://" from the beginning of a web address that doesn't have a "www" in its URL? [more inside]