Quick 'n dirty: is there a name (in either classical logic/reasoning OR a newly-coined term) for the belief that "if you hold a different opinion on a topic than I, it must be due to a deficiency in information/experience/intelligence on YOUR part" (in other words - "anyone sufficiently smart/experienced/informed, when presented with this issue, would inevitably draw the same conclusion as I"). E.g. "You're a [member of political party] NOW, but that's only because you haven't [something] yet!", or "Wow, you believe in [thing]... maybe you should DO SOME RESEARCH and see if you don't change your tune!"
I'm organising a competition in which groups of people have to work together to solve a series of puzzles. I'm looking for puzzles along the lines of that hoary old favourite about the Farmer trying to cross the river with a Fox, a Chicken and Bag of Grain or the one involving the Two Guards, one of whom only tells lies and the other who only tells the truth. [more inside]
I have always been really bad at really simple games, like the ones where there are generally sound mathematical strategies for playing the optimal game. I'd like to compile a little mental rolodex of simple games and their solutions so I can feel smugly superior to any small children who seek to challenge me. [more inside]
I would like to take a college course on logic. I am not currently enrolled in any college. And, I have missed registration for the fall semester for most community colleges and adult ed centers. I bought a book on logic but I am having trouble learning from it. Would prefer to use a book in conjunction with lectures. How should I proceed? Typically this type of course is offered in the philosophy department. My main interest is in dissecting arguments to find logical structures. I am open to taking an online course or even listening to a set of lectures on logic, especially if a workbook is required. thank you.
Need moar gamez, plz hope! (for Mac or iPad.) I love Myst-type, atmospheric, "wander around beautifully illustrated worlds and solve puzzles" type games, especially with at least a little narrative quality, and want to avoid timed segments (do this within a timed period or fail), explicit / realistic violence (I don't really want to be killing things or wandering around bloody rooms, etc.), or games where advancement hinges on say, physically jumping from one thing to another thing in just the right way, at the right speed, etc. Specifically, I don't want to have to do much or any repetitive clicking/tapping movements, because ouch. [more inside]
Have you ever had a class (or similar structured educational experience) that actually taught you to be better at logic and critical thinking? If so, how'd it do that? [more inside]
At my company customers place orders online. Orders get selected for fraud screening and need to be worked in the most efficient way possible. Some orders take priority (customer pays for rush shipping and order needs to be screened today, so the warehouse can get it out the door). Currently orders are split into separate reports based on priority and workers are assigned to one report at a time. I want to combine them all into one report and assign all workers to that report. [more inside]
Trying to track down a logic...game? Puzzle program? Studying aid type thing. [more inside]
Working on a personal project, I am running into a number of math problems of the kind described within. I am not a math expert, so I don't know what to call these kinds of problems, so I don't know how to search for information about them. [more inside]
Is there a word for the "argument" people use that someone has no right to criticize because s/he is unable to perform the action/make the object in question? [more inside]
I am dating a really wonderful guy who also thinks that he is always logical about everything. I'm looking for ways to talk with him about this. [more inside]
Charles Babbage was a prominent member of the Analytical Society, and was at the very least intimately familiar with Leibniz's formulation of calculus. But did he ever read Leibniz's writings on logic? Did the Ars Combinatoria, or any of his writings on the "universal characteristic" or "calculus ratiocinator" influence Babbage's thinking about computation?
Please recommend specific episodes of podcasts that make a clear, logical, and sustained argument. I'm looking for podcasts in the This American Life, Radiolab, and 99% Invisible genre that attempt to persuade, rather than just inform. Thanks! [more inside]
I'm looking for a way of diagramming the component parts of ideas and arguments, and their relationships to each other, formally and visually. Does such a thing exist? [more inside]
What is this kind of flow chart logic puzzle for developers called? [more inside]
How do you strike a balance beween talking things out constructively, versus wallowing in negative emotions? [more inside]
The fallacy is assuming that statistic information about a thing is more relevant in dealing with a particular instance of that thing than available first-hand data. [more inside]
Oh I get it! [more inside]
I have recently been introduced to the concept of pseudoreplication as a mistake that people often make when using inferential statistics to evaluate treatment outcomes. My field (evolutionary and conservation biology) makes heavy use of inferential statistics, including techniques that are vulnerable to pseudoreplication, yet nowhere in my formal education have I been taught about how poor experimental design and lack of statistical rigor can lead to fallacies like this. My personal statistical proficiency is poor, but I am working to remedy that. To that end, could folks help me by identifying and ideally explaining whatever other potential pitfalls you can think of, and explaining how they can be avoided through careful experimental design and data-analysis?
Basic logic question. The validity of modus tollens is intuitive when the antecedent and consequent in the first conditional premise aren't negative statements. But whenever the argument begins with something like "If not-p, then q", the whole thing seems less intuitive to me. Can someone explain to my very rusty brain why those instances of modus tollens are still valid? [more inside]
Looking to turn the Winston Churchill quote, "Success is the ability to go from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm," into an equation.
What are some good, supportive conversational strategies for dealing with someone who's catastrophizing? [more inside]
Help me understand this. Math/logic puzzle follows... [more inside]
My older Mac mini cant handle my music making needs anymore. I use it to run Logic, Reason, and many soft synths. as well as record 8 channels of audio and applying effects etc. I am not sure if I should get an Imac or a MacBook Pro. [more inside]
What are the five cognitive biases that everyone should know? [more inside]
Are there an infinite number of 2D shapes? [more inside]
I'm reading the book Monoculture by FS Michaels, which describes how what the author calls "the economic story," which she sees as dominant in our culture and as having replaced earlier dominant stories rooted in religion and science, is shaping people's work, communities, education, and relationships. In the book, Michaels talks about how "as the economic story spreads to government, a language based on economics develops along with a new way of thinking and reasoning about what goes on in government -- a kind of accounting logic. That accounting logic makes two assumptions: first, that anything and everything your government does can be assessed in terms of what value is added, and second, that the value added can be linked to how much money is spent on the activity in the first place." Etc. My question is: in this context, what does the phrase "accounting logic" mean? [more inside]
If we award medals for swimming 100m backstroke why don't we award medals for running 100m backwards? [more inside]
What is the most effective method of persuasion? Can I/how can I apply the best ones? I would love an in-depth, research-supported answer... anecdotes are also fine but I do have some personal caveats that I suspect will complicate things. [more inside]
What does it mean for an argument to be coherent? [more inside]
Please help me find the critical thinking textbook my grade-school class used in the early eighties. [more inside]
What does the word "abstract" mean? [more inside]
Do Godel's theorems refute all of science and logic? [more inside]
I got Logic Studio and installed it on my Mac, then realized I should have installed a bunch of the files onto an external hard drive instead of my computer's hard drive. I thought I would do a complete uninstall and then reinstall the way I should have initially, but from my research, it seems uninstalling Logic is kind of a big, scary deal. Can you please walk me through how to fix this situation using small, easy-to-understand words? [more inside]
Language fans: is this the most logical way to order a list of languages? [more inside]
Logic Pro 9 question: suddenly when I bounce a song from Logic to my desktop (in .aif format) and then try to play in iTunes, it will import into iTunes, but it won't play. I'm relatively new to logic, but I've done this before with no problems. What gives? [more inside]
This is a question about intelligently discrediting racist defences, with specific regard to the statement "I'm not racist, some of my best friends are black." [more inside]
What are some activities that exercise visual or structural type thinking? Something to do with science, technology, or 3-dimensions preferred. I'm looking for puzzles, hobbies, or other activities that might be performed through an actual job that I'm just not aware of. As examples, auto-mechanics classes and memorizing anatomy books immediately comes to mind.
How do I apply critically reason to my own arguments when I'm emotional and engaged in discussion with others? [more inside]
Despite having an engineering degree, a Master's degree in software development, a strong math background, and 20+ years of programming experience the "typical" logic games bore me. Why and how can I improve? [more inside]
Is there an established and credible short-hand counter-argument to "you have to have kids to understand"? [more inside]
I'm trying to express my love for a certain dessert in a math/logic formula. I have this: π > ∼π , which I take to mean "Pi is greater than not Pi", and this: π > ∞-π, which I take to mean "Pi is greater than Everything but Pi". Do these make any sense or hold up in any legit way?
How can I determine the optimal scenario to get through imaginary radio station contest hell and earn the fictional prize. [more inside]
Help this musician get started with home recording. I've written lots of music and its time to get it recorded. I have basically zero equipment and zero knowledge, so start me from the beginning. [more inside]
I recently read through the Problem Sleuth section of MS Paint Adventures and loved it to pieces. However, it reminded me that the kind of logic employed in adventure game puzzles has always flustered me. Are there any good resources that pull back the curtain on how these kinds of logic/linear thinking puzzles are constructed? I've seen or played loads of examples, but never seen anything that really breaks them down into their components.
Logic games on LSAT- what is happening??? [more inside]
I have a learning disability (dyscalculia/mathematics disorder). Could I handle the formal language component of an undergrad Introduction to Logic class? [more inside]
Assuming knowledge of the theory behind logic gates and computation, when was the earliest people could have built a working working general purpose computer? Or to put it another way, imagine a modern day chip designer is trapped on a deserted island with no access to modern technology, but access to any necessary natural resources that he could acquire by himself, how could he go about building a general purpose computer to pass the time?
What do you call this kind of riddle? More importantly, can you tell me a few more of them? [more inside]