German grammar check: free online tools or Mac freeware/shareware? I have fairly solid German; goal is polishing drafts I'm writing in German, not translating from scratch. Seeking best stopgaps for when I can't afford or barter for a human's time. (And I don't have an MS Office CD with German tools.)
"Grocer's Apostrophe" or "Grocers' Apostrophe"? [more inside]
Grammar Filter: what is the English equivalent to the "Double Future Tense"? [more inside]
What is the difference between "no more than" and "not more than"? [more inside]
English grammar filter: can a common noun act as a proper noun if the thing being referred to exists within a shared context? Please help to settle a dispute between my girlfriend and I. [more inside]
Which expression is correct when describing grammatical mistakes: "bad grammar" or "poor grammar?" [more inside]
How do you pronounce the word 'read' when used in the following context? -- 'John is dry (read: boring).' /rɛd/ or /rid/ Thanks!
How can I best learn the French language, grammar, and pronunciation? [more inside]
On a recent trip to Kenya, we visited a school who is in need of simple French language instruction booklets for elementary-age children. [more inside]
How do you properly capitalize "summa cum laude" on a diploma? [more inside]
Looking for recommendations for English grammar workbook(s) designed for adults who did not finish high school years ago. [more inside]
Vagaries of the English Language, part n: I need to tell my boss why the contraction "I'm" cannot stand alone as a sentence. For example, "Yes, I am" is okay. "Yes, I'm" is not. I haven't been able to find any good logic for this case or that works for the different contractions in general ("don't" can also stand alone, "I'd" and "I've" cannot). Given this is about languages, and particularly English, "just because" is, alas, potentially the best answer.
GrammarFilter: True/False -- The following sentence can be grammatically correct. There's rockets. [more inside]
EpigramFilter: What's the converse of "Don't kill the messenger"? [more inside]
Wordsmiths, Help! -- Do you capitalize the word "left" in the phrase "the political left"? [more inside]
Copy editors or grammar natzi's: I am pre-copy editing a manuscript for my friend. Is it acceptable to start a sentence with the word "but"? I am leaning towards no but I can't remember. Also what are the rules about mentioning name brands in novels? such as "Hilton" or "Boston Red Sox" or "Boston Globe"? Thank you so much!
I need recommendations for the best Spanish review/dictionary. [more inside]
GrammarFilter: I was listening to "Blackbird" by the Beatles recently, and was struck by the line: "You were only waiting for this moment to arise." I was intrigued by the way the phrase "to arise" has sort of an ambiguous function here. [more inside]
Do you correct colleagues when they make grammatical mistakes? What is the proper etiquette? [more inside]
Is there a consensus on the grammatical relationship between emoticons and punctuation? [more inside]
Foreign language "bibles" (superlative, comprehensive language resources) for language-learning lovers? [more inside]
I have a grammar question that has been driving me crazy. It's probably a matter of style but... [more inside]
How do I pluralize a contraction that already ends with an apostrophe? [more inside]
Please hope me! Or why hope for help? [more inside]
Grammar Filter: A mp3 or an mp3? I can't make myself say the former! [more inside]
Proper choice of coordinating conjunction in a list. "And" versus "or." [more inside]
Do fish fish fish fish fish fish fish? [more inside]
Please: I would like a bazillion examples of popular music lyrics and song titles that would make an English teacher cry out in empathetic pain for their abuse of grammar. [more inside]
Are there any languages that do not contain gender-specific pronouns? (no he's or she's, just 'it')
Is there a grammar rule that deals with when to use a "to" following certain phrases like "help"? For instance, "Product Wonderful will help you sleep better" -or- "Product Wonderful will help you to sleep better." To my ear, I prefer it without the "to," but I don't know if there's a grammar issue let alone a style guide preference. [more inside]
What are some other examples of using 'an' in front of a non-vowel like some do with 'an historic...'? [more inside]
I went to school near Pittsburgh and now live in Ohio. Both at school and here in Columbus, I notice people leaving off "to be" in sentences. This needs fixed, that neads cleaned, those need washed. What's the deal here? [more inside]
Why is there a disdain for the future conditional tense among people who talk about sports? [more inside]
"How do we get to Jupiter? And do it cheaply..." [more inside]
A) "At the next stage in the process, the tea leaves ARE blended". B) "At the next stage in the process, the tea leaves WERE blended". Is A correct from a formal grammar standpoint? If so, which tense is it using, and how is it using the past tense of "blend"? If not, why not?
Grammar Question: Is or Isn't? [more inside]
GrammarFilter: Is the sentence “If I were ______, I would have done _____” grammatically incorrect? If so, why? [more inside]
Do I need the comma in this sentence? "In _Grapes of Europe_, Joe Bloggs reports that grapes are purple." And if so/not, why? I've tried googling adverbial introductory clauses and prepositional introductory clauses, but I can't find a similar example where a work is being introduced.
when should I say 'african american' and when 'black' ? [more inside]
I need . . . adjectives! Is there a *scannable* online dictionary or some way in which I can search through giant lists just for the adjectives? [more inside]
A guy becomes a "male president" but if it's a girl she is a "woman president." Can someone explain this grammar? [more inside]
Explain tenses to me? Past/present/future, continuous/simple/perfect, and so on, in English. I can use them with fluency, but I need to be able to explain them (when each is used, how to form them). I've tried Fowler's, Chicago Manual of Style, and a number of other resources, but they seem to subtly contradict one another. Is there a simple, go-to reference for this?
I have a friend named James, I'd like to know how to spell James's name. [more inside]
In a sentence which begins, "I expect that the answer lay/lays/lie/lies not in the answers provided, but . . . ," which is the correct verb choice? [more inside]
Is there a term for mangling two words to create a new word or term? [more inside]
What is the plural of "no"? Example: You have to hear a hundred "nos" for every yes. What is the proper way to write "nos"?
What are some essential differences between UK and American English Grammar? [more inside]
"Most all" - it is wrong. Right? [more inside]
Best book for "learning" English grammar? [more inside]
َ[ArabicFilter] لكن vs لكنَّ: I still don't get the difference. [more inside]